Coffee Knowledge

Coffee Knowledge

It’s our work to assist you to succeed as a coffee beans buyers. Either by conveying you the our leading Indonesian coffee beans or even just by giving a good reference and information. Here you will discover coffee information you may need for your own reference or to share along with.

Benefits Of Coffee

  • Improve brain function including memory, alertness, focus, and the ability to respond according to circumstances
  • Caffeine stimulates the nervous system and signals fat cells to immediately break down fat in the body
  • Have a lower risk of type 2 diabetes than non-coffee drinkers, namely complications of heart disease, stroke and other chronic diseases
  • People who regularly drink coffee have a 65 % lower risk of Alzheimer’s disease than non-coffee drinkers
  • Prevent liver and colorectal cancer

 

Types of Coffee Process

Natural Process

It is the simplest post-harvest processing technique for coffee cherries, but the processing may took quite some times. The process includes the followings:

  1. Harvest of coffee cherries;
  2. Sorted by color and weight to separate perfectly ripe coffee cherries (perfect red color) from coffee cherries that are not fully ripe or still green, as well as by sizes;
  3. The selected coffee cherries will be stored into a tub or pool filled with clean water, to be taken and separated from the coffee cherries that float on the surface of the water. The coffee cherries that are further processed are the sunken ones;
  4. The coffee cherries will be dried until the water content is 11%-12% and the coffee cherries wrinkles, just like raisins or dates;
  5. The fruit skin will be peeled by using the huller machine, and it will results in green beans.

Honey Process

Tends to provide low acidity, smooth, heavy body and a sharp berry taste, in the following stages:

  1. Harvest of coffee cherries;
  2. Sort by color and weight to separate perfectly ripe coffee cherries (perfect red color) from coffee cherries that are not fully ripe or still green, as well as sizes;
  3. The selected coffee cherries are put into a tub or pool filled with clean water, to be taken and separated from the coffee cherries that float on the surface of the water. The coffee cherries that are further processed are the sunken coffee cherries;
  4. Peel the skin of the coffee fruit until the mucus layer of the coffee beans is still covered with mucus and grain;
  5. Grain is dried in the sun without washing it first, so that the mucus does not disappear;
  6. Dry until the water content is 11% -12% and do peel the fruit skin using a huller machine resulting in green beans.

Wash Process

  1. Harvest of coffee cherries;
  2. Sort by color and weight to separate perfectly ripe coffee cherries (perfect red color) from coffee cherries that are not fully ripe or still green, as well as by sizes;
  3. The selected coffee cherries will be stored into a tub or pool filled with clean water, to be taken and separated from the coffee cherries that float on the surface of the water. The coffee cherries that are further processed are the sunken coffee cherries;
  4. Peel the skin of the coffee fruit until the mucus layer of the coffee beans is still covered with mucus and grain;
  5. Grain fermentation will be conducted, which can be done in 2 ways, namely dry and wet fermentation;
  6. Grain that has been fermented will be washed so that it is clean from mucus that sticks to them;
  7. Thegrain will be dried until the moisture content is 11% -12%, then the skin will be peeled by using a huller machine.

Wine Process

Wine coffee processing starts from picking the ripe coffee beans, then processing it through one of the post harvest processing methods, namely the dry method or the wet method. In this case, the wine coffee will go through a fermentation process with a dry method (dry process / natural process), which is the process of direct drying the whole coffee beans along with the fruit and coffee skins until they dry naturally in the sun.

This process does require a longer time than other coffee processing, which is around 30-60 days (depending on the weather) because wine coffee will go through a process of cupping and drying it repeatedly so that it creates a strong wine taste and aroma.

Luwak Process

Wild luwak coffee or popularly known as luwak coffee is coffee that has been partially digested and defecated by civets, a cat-like animal that makes it a habitat near coffee plantations. Luwak selects only the best cherries to eat producing the best coffee beans. Furthermore, the cherries are fermented as they pass through the ferret’s digestive system resulting in a unique taste.

[Source: Speciality Coffee Association]
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